The French country "La Manche" under voltage.

About 80% of energy consumed in France is nuclear. According to the French state, the power stations are now required to meet the growing demand for electricity, cushion the impact of high oil prices and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The French nuclear lobby, which resumed gallons after years of purgatory, spoke of the EPR as "a powerful tool to train hundreds of engineers, and Flamanville as the shop window of the French nuclear industry." The war between the French giant Areva with its main competitor, General Electric and Westinghouse Areva is declared but suffers from a production cost already far superior to the other two.
In this political context rather favorable, the Manche department has chosen the all-nuclear. This area is quiet and conservative also much of its nuclear development. In the north Cotentin Flamanville since December 10 last saw the first stone of its future nuclear reactor called "third generation" be raised without this choice (this is the same for the other 55 French reactors) have given place in a public debate. This reactor, validated by a near majority in local politics, developed by Areva and built by EDF is far from unanimous, even within EDF as in the scientific community. The Flamanville site, which already has two nuclear legacy, can operate only two-thirds of its power without building a new line of Very High Voltage (EHV) about 150 kilometers long southbound. Carrying electricity to the UK, so it will cross the Channel, Mayenne and Ile et Vilaine to join Domloup next to Rennes. This would require Shipyard Pharaonic According to RTE, the transmission system and transmission of electricity, 300 towers from 45 to 65 meters high positioned every 500 meters.
From June, the time of construction of the THT, initially 30 kilometers wide began to shrink, no stretch for today only a few meters. Many municipalities do not feel themselves more involved. But some of them as the Bazoge, The Chefresne Chèvreville or have, through their city council or a petition from residents opposed to the "scar". Chèvreville and its 184 residents boycotted the last local elections in protest against the line supposed to pass near the kindergarten. Since the new mayor continues the fight.
Meanwhile, RTE refines its path and continues to provide public information meetings often stormy, sometimes closed to reporters. Finally, the last two years and with growing support of the population, some fifteen associations are mobilized and are now invited by the mayors at TEN presentations, various public meetings and other municipal councils organized in community halls. According to Christophe Gosselin, President of "Channel power" does not claim that anti-nuclear, "the Flamanville is a demonstration reactor and the population of guinea pigs." Highlighting the risks to health associated with the proximity of the lines, not to mention the nuisance landscape, people are also concerns that falling prices for real estate in the region as well as growth related to the construction of subdivisions .
The public has reason to worry. The nuclear debate has been absent from the Round Table on the Environment, the moratorium on ERP proposed by the associations present at the last event of Ernée (53) November 2007 was not accepted. Only a goal to reach 20% renewable energy by 2012 was fixé.La fifteen local associations did not end there, for their initiative, under investigation since January 2008 CRIIREM (Centre for Research and Information indépendantessur electromagnetic radiation) along the two high voltage power lines already in operation in the region, and nearby houses and farms of which 4500 are identified, has just seen its first conclusions fall. The result of the 8000 questionnaires will be published in September. The first 350 records stripped refer to "many health problems, including sleep disorders, memory, hearing, irritability and depression." CRIIREM also suggests a high rate of brain cancer and leukemia among local residents over the average. As for animals, they often suffer from disorders such as dysentery pigs or mastitis or damages that inhibit milk production.
This study is not the only one to point the finger at health risks of high voltage power lines. Already in 1996, Professor Marcel Goldberg, director of the division of epidemiology of occupational medicine at EDF noted a correlation between exposure to electromagnetic fields and the appearance of brain tumors. It has since been forced to resign ... More recently, Gerald Draper of Oxford University in the United Kingdom concluded its study on childhood leukemia risk 69% higher for those living at birth unless 200m of high voltage line.
In response to these inquiries, EDF cites medical authorities and is based on the position of health authorities internationnal, saying that "All the evidence currently available does not demonstrate that exposure to these fields presents a danger to human health "(letter of EDF / RTE in an inhabitant of La Mancha). Just admit it that the item is suspended for childhood leukemia. TEN continues to act on the ground as if nothing had happened, including through in town halls.
According to the chairman of regional collective "EPR no thank you," the struggle continues, "Public Inquiries are not yet finalized, permits not granted, the appeal before the State Board of untried" lists Didier Anger, president of Crilan. Pending the outcome of the investigation undertaken by the Criirem be presented in September, calls for a moratorium Interregional Coordination: the project is not frozen at the precautionary principle.
Today, mayors follow: May 17 they were seventeen to gather outside the prefecture of the Channel. Opposed the introduction of EHV in the territory of their municipality, they adopted a common position to make an order to ban all work related to the introduction of EHV line to protect people and their work tools. More recently, the burial of the line, which seemed so far excluded ppou techniquesv and financial reasons, is topical again. "No question of rejecting the line with our neighbors," says Gilbert, the mayor of nou.veau Chèvreville. We agree to pass it here, but not in any conditions. " The handful of elected Manchegan $ recclame therefore just equal treatment with pyrennéens who recently succeeded for the burial of the line insulated in part their landscapes. "We are realists, we are not asking for the burying total, but only in areas where the line is the most embarrassing, MP says Guénael Huet (UMP Channel). But we can not discuss with RTE, they come by helicopter twice and think they know the country better than us. "
To date, only a circular issued by Nathalie Kosciuscko-Morizet, Secretary of State for Ecology has been proposed is Jean-Louis Borloo inviting prefects to implement a more systematic issuance of building permits to at least 200m EHV lines. The minister of ecology, however, has recently engaged with elected officials that there is no discrimination between the west and the Pyrenees.

Emmanuel Blivet 2007-2008.